Citation Style Language

Title-case questions

I don’t think the literal tags for words in quotes are correct. For example,
this reference:

Spearman, C. (1904). “General intelligence,” objectively determined and
measured. The American Journal of Psychology, 15(2), 201–292.

“General intelligence,” should probably be capitalized in Title Case. Use of
quotes in titles like this is rare, but it does happen.–
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I don’t think the literal tags for words in quotes are correct. For example,
this reference:

Spearman, C. (1904). “General intelligence,” objectively determined and
measured. The American Journal of Psychology, 15(2), 201–292.
http://doi.org/10.2307/1412107

“General intelligence,” should probably be capitalized in Title Case. Use of
quotes in titles like this is rare, but it does happen.

But in that example, the title as a whole is set in sentence case, so
case conversions would not performed at all. To get a capital “I” in
"General Intelligence," it would need to be capitalized in the input
data.

The reverse case - a Title Case title with a quoted title in sentence
case - would test whether literal rendering is the right way to go. In
that configuration, literal rendering would keep the embedded title in
sentence case, while ordinary rendering would force it to Title Case
along with the rest of the title.

Sorry, I wasn’t very clear. I included the citation just to give an example
set of data for which the quote rule would not always work–didn’t mean to
illustrate a specific format.

The title is stored in the reference manager as:
“General intelligence,” objectively determined and measured

Rendered in sentence case:
“General intelligence,” objectively determined and measured

Expected render in title case:
“General Intelligence,” Objectively Determined and Measured

Literal render in title case:
“General intelligence,” Objectively Determined and Measured

So as you note, literal rendering of quoted text would produce incorrect
output.–
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sorry for chiming in late, the original e-mail had actually gotten caught
in Spam. I agree with bwiernik – while the two other issue you raise are
right, quotation marks shouldn’t disable casing. See e.g.
Bruccoli, Matthew J., ed. “An Artist Is His Own Fault”: John O’Hara on
Writers and Writing
. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1977.
from CMoS 14.104
That would be
*“An artist is his own fault”: John O’Hara on writers and writing. *
in sentence case. And conversely (and I took that to be bwiernik’s point),
the title he cites would be
“General Intelligence,” Objectively Determined and Measured.
in title case/Chicago Manual.

Sounds good. That was my question on that one.

I agree: neither parentheses (nor [] or {}, for that matter), nor quotes
(plain or curly, single or double), nor HTML-like markup should disable
conversion to title case.

I do think italics and small-caps (and possibly superscript/subscript
too) markup should disable title casing.

Example:

L-Malic acid formation by immobilized Saccharomyces cerevisiae
amplified for fumarase
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0141-0229(91)90122-Q

“L-Malic acid” starts with an all-caps character. I’m afraid it would
turn into “L-malic acid” with title casing, which would be incorrect.
“Saccharomyces cerevisiae” is in italics and should not change
capitalization, since it’s a species name.

(see http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0005-2736(87)90253-7 for another title
with the same two cases)

Rintze

That’s getting rather tricky and we’re hitting the limits of what simple
rich text markup can do:
For species, Rintze is correct:

  • Lowercase the second part of a species name, such as fulvescens in
    Acipenser
    fulvescens
    , even if it is the last word in a title or subtitle.

but that’s not the case for book titles in article titles, which should be
title cased (no good example, but clear from 14.177).
If you want to despair entirely, Chicago Manual treats book titles within
book titles ( Annotations to “Finnegans Wake” 14.102) Differently from
species names in book titles (Postnatal Development of the Ovary in Homo
sapiens and Macaca mulatta 14.103)

I’d vote with Nick and say let’s leave it alone, but unless we’re going to
introduce semantic markup (nooo!) we won’t be getting this right
consistently.

What this does suggest to me is that we should formalize the no-case (?)
tags that citeproc-js supports informally.

Yes, definitely. Since there is no mechanism to explicitly force uppercase,
the titlecaser needs to be inclusive by default, and we must be able to
selectively suppress capitalisation where it is incorrect.

<span class="nocase"> markup, e.g., The <span class="nocase"><i>Arabidopsis lyrata</i></span> genome sequence and the basis of rapid genome size change works well and is supported by
citeproc-js and pandoc-citeproc.

Thanks to all for the feedback.

Disabling of no-case in quoted text is now available for testing in
the latest citeproc-js release, and in the Propachi plugins for
Zotero:

https://bitbucket.org/fbennett/citeproc-js/src
https://juris-m.github.io/downloads/#csl-stuff

The i, b, sc, sub, and sup tags are still ignored when title-casing in
this version. From the examples posted by Rintze, Sebastian, and Nick,
it looks like a complete separation between the markup for styling and
case-conversion suppression may be a promising compromise (“explicit
is better than implicit”).

Frank

Thanks Frank!

(“explicit is better than implicit”).

was exactly my thinking wrt casing and rich text, so very much agree with
you on that.